Full of mischief and skilled in martial art, he was eventually subdued by the Buddhist goddess, Guanyin. Modern copies with a very similar text are widely used in Hong Kong.
Although he was not a regular deity in the pantheon of the Society, it is possible that the Clinton branch believed in evoking his spirit for initiation ceremonies. Cai Shaoqing says that there are earlier copies, representing several versions, in libraries in Europe, North American, Australia, and China itself (Cai 2002, p 33).
According to Lily Chow, there were Chee Kung Tong lodges in Quesnel, Quesnel Forks, Barkerville, and other gold-rush towns in the interior of British Columbia.
We may assume that the Clinton manual was used by one such lodge.
He was honored as one of the five “benevolent heroes” of the Society.
However, the left board also bears a date, The use of Jiaxu is not a surprise: it is a year in the Chinese cyclical dating system, equivalent to 1874 [Fig. The use of Tianyun, on the other hand, is astonishing.
Guo Xiuying, widow of Zheng Junda (an early leader of the Society killed by the Yongzheng government in a campaign), who together with Zheng’s sister threw herself into a river in Hubei when pursued by the Qing army.